Dr. Howard Duncan


The growth over the past 25 years of transnational communities and of transnational enclaves throughout the world, which raises both theoretical and practical issues regarding the integration of ethnic and religious minority groups. As enclaves grow in population and in economic and cultural strength, they become an increasingly attractive competitor to the mainstream for the integration allegiances of newcomer populations. In some contemporary enclaves, immigrants can find not only supportive members of their co-ethnic and co-linguistic community, but lucrative employment, a full range of health, education, and social services, and attractive housing and neighbourhoods. The attractions of these middle class enclaves are such that there has been a significant amount of self-segregation in some societies of recent migrants. This has caused some commentators and political leaders to express concern over social cohesion and people living parallel lives, concerns that have led to strong calls for fuller integration of immigrants into the societal mainstream.

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Thought Leader, Globalist, Mobalist & Diasporist

Howard Duncan received his Ph.D. in Philosophy in 1981 from the University of Western Ontario where he studied the history and philosophy of science. In 1987, Dr. Duncan entered the field of consulting in strategic planning, policy development and program evaluation. In 1989, he joined the Department of Health and Welfare in Ottawa where he worked in program evaluation, strategic planning, policy, and extramural research. The Metropolis Project is an international network of researchers, policy-makers, international organizations, and civil society organizations for the development of comparative research and policy-relevant knowledge on migration, diversity, and immigrant integration in cities in Canada and around the world. The Metropolis Project’s principal decision-making body is a Steering Committee of representatives from over 40 countries. The project is managed by a Secretariat with offices in Ottawa, Amsterdam and in Asia with functions distributed across organizations in Seoul, Manila and Beijing.

In 1997, Howard joined the Metropolis Project at Citizenship and Immigration Canada as its International Project Director, and became its Executive Head in 2002. He has concentrated on increasing the geographic reach of Metropolis, enlarging the range of the issues it confronts, and increasing its benefits to the international migration policy community by creating opportunities for direct and frank exchanges between researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Recent of his projects have included the creation of the Metropolis North America and Metropolis Asia initiatives, the creation of a tri-partite Metropolis Secretariat in Asia (Seoul, Manila, and Beijing) to supplement the Secretariats in Ottawa and Amsterdam. In 2012, he moved the Ottawa Secretariat operations from the Government of Canada to Carleton University in Ottawa. He established the training arm of Metropolis under the name Metropolis Professional Development in 2014 and is the Editor-in-Chief of the journal, International Migration.